On April 4, the Government Legislative Commission, following the Supreme Court, considered amendments to the Criminal Code (CC) on penalties for supporting anti-Russian sanctions. Pavel Krasheninnikov, chairman of the Duma’s State Construction Committee, said on the evening of April 4 that they would be submitted to the State Duma. The bill was not posted in the electronic database of the lower house of parliament at the time the issue was published.
Vedomosti got acquainted with the text of the amendments, the authors of which were a group of senators and deputies headed by the Secretary General of the General Council of United Russia, First Vice Speaker of the Federation Council Andrei Turchak. Their authenticity was confirmed by a source close to the State Duma.
Additions are made in Art. 201 of the Criminal Code (abuse of power). In particular, according to the text of the amendments, part 2 of this article will be amended. Sanctions will be imposed for “use of authority by a person performing managerial functions in a commercial or other organization” in order to “enforce a decision of a foreign state, a union of foreign states or an international organization to impose restrictive measures against the Russian Federation.”
Punishment for such actions can be, if you follow the proposed rules, significant. In particular, such a person will be fined up to 1 million rubles, or forced labor for up to 5 years, or imprisonment for up to 10 years.
The authors of the bill assume that the imposition and observance of anti-Russian sanctions is the responsibility of foreigners and their officials, the explanatory note reads: “But if someone inside the Russian Federation decides to restrict the rights and freedoms of citizens, legal entities or organizations, such persons should be held criminally liable. “
Turchak announced the preparation of amendments to the Criminal Code on March 14. He noted that liability will be provided, including for refusing to work with restricted banks. “Against the background of Western sanctions hysteria, there are cases when Russian companies, including state-owned companies, refuse to work with sanctioned banks and enterprises on the pretext that they themselves risk falling under restrictions,” he said. He pointed out that the facts of following foreign sanctions within the country are “indirect evidence of their support” by such business, and the United Russia considers it a “betrayal.”
Since the beginning of the special military operation in Ukraine, Western countries have imposed several packages of sanctions against Russia.
A similar bill for the implementation of sanctions in 2018 was introduced in the State Duma by speakers of both houses of parliament and leaders of all factions. They proposed a separate article of the Criminal Code (284.2) to introduce criminal liability (a fine of up to 600,000 rubles, restriction or imprisonment for up to 4 years) for officials of companies registered in Russia, as well as officials who denied a Russian citizen “ordinary business operations and transactions in the framework of anti-Russian sanctions. “
State Duma Chairman Vyacheslav Volodin said at the time that consideration of the bill was postponed after receiving feedback from the business community. The law, already in a completely different form, was adopted in 2022: it remained the rules on punishment for calls for sanctions against Russia.
Maxim Ivanov participated in the preparation of the article