Social pensions will be indexed by 8.6%, the law on punishment for fakes about the work of government agencies abroad will come into force, teenagers over 14 will be able to register on the State Services portal, simplified procedure for introducing foreign drugs to the Russian market – GOROD48 presents an overview of basic laws come into force in April.
Some measures to support citizens and businesses began to take effect on March 26.
Income tax on bank deposits has been abolished
A law has come into force that abolishes the payment of personal income tax on interest income received on deposits in banks in 2021-2022. The tax on interest income on deposits that exceed the non-taxable amount – it was set at 1 million rubles, was introduced in 2021. In 2022, depositors had to pay tax on income from deposits for the first time. Depositors who earned interest on deposits over 42,500 rubles last year were taxed (the non-taxable rate was calculated as a derivative of 1 million rubles multiplied by the key rate of the Central Bank effective on January 1 of the year in which the income was received). Now depositors do not need to pay personal income tax on interest income received in 2021 and 2022. According to the developers, this will support citizens, help save money.
Cadastral value for property tax “frozen”
The cadastral value for the calculation of property and land tax for citizens and organizations will be fixed at the level of January 1, 2022. Amendments have been made to the second reading of the anti-crisis tax bill. In 2023, the cadastral value as of January 1, 2022 can be used to calculate the tax base for property taxes of legal entities and individuals, as well as land tax. The special procedure for determining the tax base based on the cadastral value as of January 1, 2022 will be applied if the value on January 1, 2023 will be higher than the value on January 1, 2022, the authors of the bill note. Exceptions will be cases of its revision in connection with changes in the characteristics of the object.
The level of car “luxury tax” has been raised from 3 to 10 million rubles
Cars cheaper than 10 million rubles will not be subject to increased transport tax (luxury tax). The bar is set for cars purchased from January 1, 2022. Previously, this threshold was 3 million rubles – it was set in 2014. The law also removes the coefficients of 1.1 and 2, that is, all cars worth up to 10 million rubles tax will be paid at the usual rate. And the triple tax remains for the same category – cars at the price of 10-15 million rubles not older than 10 years and models more expensive than 15 million rubles not older than 20 years.
IT companies have a “zero” income tax rate
Zero income tax rate is set for organizations in the IT industry for 2022-2024. Tax breaks are introduced by law to support companies in the information technology industry. Only accredited IT companies will be able to receive support. In addition, the share of revenue from the sale and maintenance of software must be at least 90%, the number of employees – at least 7 people.
Foreign drugs will be easier to enter the Russian market
A law comes into force that simplifies and speeds up the introduction of foreign drugs on the Russian market. The law allows to import into Russia drugs in foreign packaging under a simplified procedure in case there is a risk of drug shortage in pharmacies – newly registered foreign drugs will be sold in Russia until December 31, 2022 in foreign packaging with a label in Russian. Currently, the sale of such drugs is allowed only in Russian packaging. The law also stipulates that foreign drug manufacturers and importers have no right to suspend production or stop importing their products into Russia due to the imposition of sanctions without prior notice to Roszdravnadzor for at least six months.
The status of “combat veteran” has been extended to new participants
The law recognizing the participants of the special operation in Ukraine as veterans of hostilities comes into force. The status of a combat veteran and a combat invalid will be granted to persons performing tasks during a special military operation on the territory of Ukraine, as well as the Donetsk and Luhansk People’s Republics from February 24, 2022. This will allow them to extend tax, transport, land, housing social support measures, as well as benefits for utility bills.
Social pensions are indexed
From April 1, social pensions in Russia will be indexed by 8.6% – the increase will affect those who receive social pensions for old age, disability, loss of breadwinner, also affects social pensions for children whose both parents are unknown. Indexing is done automatically, you do not need to apply. Previously, the indexation of pensions was carried out for civilian unemployed and military retirees. It was initially assumed that social pensions would be indexed by 7.7%. However, the figure was revised due to an increase in the subsistence level by 8.6%.
Quick payments will be easier
From April 1, it will be easier to pay with the help of the system of fast payments (SBP). The fast payment system is a service of the Bank of Russia and the National Payment Card System. It allows you to make money transfers to customers of different banks by mobile phone number. In addition, SBU allows you to pay for purchases, including by QR-code, and receive payments from organizations. Now the banks that participate in the system will have to provide the opportunity to use for transfers from individuals to legal entities and individual entrepreneurs through the mobile application. Such transfers are used to pay for goods and services. Currently, more than 200 banks are connected to the fast payment system.
The procedure for receiving social support has been simplified
From April 1, it will be easier to receive social support in Russia – the details of citizens’ bank accounts will be transferred to information systems in the prescribed manner. The recipient of such social support can consent to the use of the Unified Identification and Authentication System – for this he will need to fill in the required form in the personal account of the Unified Portal of State and Municipal Services. The system allows the Russian Pension Fund to keep track of information about current pensioners’ cards in order to transfer funds to them. In case of closing the bank account specified in the agreement, the credit institution is obliged to transfer this information to the Unified Identification and Authentication System no later than one day following the day of closing the bank account.
Teenagers can set up their account on Public Services
Teenagers over 14 years of age will be able to register on the Gosuslugi portal on their own. To register on the portal, students will need to provide their SNILS, passport data, mobile phone number and e-mail address. For children under the age of 14, their legal representatives (parents, guardians) will be able to register – provided that they themselves have an account on the portal. The accounts of the minor and his / her legal representative will be linked. After registration, children will be able to look in their electronic diary, view grades or learn homework, as well as receive information about admission to school. Teenagers will also be able to apply if they want to earn extra money during the holidays. According to the developers, the legislative change will save children and their parents from visiting the courts and collecting documents.
Responsibility for fakes
On April 5, a law comes into force that establishes liability for fakes on the work of state bodies of the Russian Federation abroad. False information about the work of these departments – embassies and consulates of the Russian Federation, the prosecutor’s office, the Rosguard, the Ministry of Emergencies and the Interior Ministry – will face the same responsibility as for fakes about the actions of the Russian Armed Forces. He will face up to three years in prison for publicly disseminating knowingly false information about the Russian authorities exercising their powers outside the country in order to protect the interests of the Russian Federation and its citizens, maintain international peace and security. Fines are also being introduced for discrediting the work of Russian government agencies abroad.