PM Ujjwala Yojana: 13% reduction in air pollution deaths, a study suggests

Marching towards a sustainable future as well a step towards social inclusion to bring affordably, cleaner fuel in the Indian households, Pradhan Mantri Ujjwala Yojana (PMUY), a government flagship programme has reduced indoor air pollution deaths by 13%, according to an independent study .

The study conducted by Ajay Nagpure, Ritesh Patidar and Vandna Tyagi, who are involved with the World Resources Institute (WRI) India, has presented independent research that is being reviewed while the researchers have claimed that the scheme had prevented 1.5 lakhs of pollution-related Premature deaths in the year 2019 alone. The study also claimed that the Pradhan Mantri Ujjwala Yojana (PMUY) had aided in avoiding at least 1.8 million tones of fine particulate matter (PM 2.5) emissions that year.

The team had considered the households that had no access to the LPG and claimed that about 6.1 lakh deaths in 2019 could be attributed to household air pollution. The team further estimated that, if the households using secondary sources were taken into account, the indoor air pollution-related deaths in 2019 had surged to 10.2 lakhs. However, in absence of the scheme, the number of deaths could have been as high as 11.7 lakhs”, the report mentioned.

About PM Ujjwala Yojana:

Pradhan Mantri Ujjwala Yojana, launched on May 1, 2016, aimed at providing concessional LPG connections to over 50 million below poverty line (BPL) families, in three years, with an initial outlay of Rs 1,600 per connection.

It is important to highlight that the government had achieved the target of the Pradhan Mantri Ujjwala Yojana in September 2019 by providing cleaner fuel to over 28 crore households in India. The numbers had upsurged from 61.9% in the year 2015 to 99.8% in the year 2019. According to the Indian Oil Corporation, over new nine crore beneficiaries are also now availing the benefits of the government’s flagship Ujjwala 2.0 scheme.

Himachal Becomes First ‘smoke-free state’

Himachal Pradesh has become the first ‘smoke-free state’ in India. The major milestone has been achieved while riding on the back of welfare schemes like ‘Ujjwala Yojana’ of Centre and ‘Himachal Grihini Suvidha scheme of the state government’. Further, the Himalayan state has also become the 100% LPG-enabled state in the country. It simply refers to the fact that 100% of households in Himachal have LPG connections in their houses.

It is important to note that, traditionally cooking food was done on ‘Chullah’ by lightning woods and fuel, which not only leads to health problems but also creates pollution. To address this serious concern, Ujjwalla Yojna was started by the Central government with the view to free the people of the country from indoor pollution.

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